Publication date: Apr 26, 2018
AnaConDa-100 ml (ACD-100, Sedana Medical, Uppsala, Sweden) is well established for inhalation sedation in the intensive care unit. But because of its large dead space, the system can retain carbon dioxide (CO) and increase ventilatory demands. We therefore evaluated whether AnaConDa-50 ml (ACD-50), a device with half the internal volume, reduces CO retention and ventilatory demands during sedation of invasively ventilated, critically ill patients. Ten patients participated in this cross-over protocol. After sedation with isoflurane via ACD-100 for 24 h, the 5-h observation period started. During the first hour, ACD-100 was used; for the next 2 h, ACD-50; and for the last 2 h, ACD-100 was used again. Sedation was titrated to Richmond Agitation and Sedation Scale (RASS) score - 3 to - 4 and a processed electroencephalogram (Narcotrend Index, Narcotrend-Gruppe, Hannover, Germany) was recorded. Minute ventilation, CO elimination, and isoflurane consumption were compared. All patients were deeply sedated (Narcotrend Index, mean +/- SD: 38 +/- 10; RASS scores - 3 to - 5) and breathed spontaneously with pressure support throughout the observation period. Infusion rates of isoflurane and opioid, either remifentanil or sufentanil, as well as ventilator settings were unchanged. Minute ventilation and end-tidal CO were significantly reduced with the ACD-50, respiratory rate remained unchanged, and tidal volume decreased by 66 +/- 43 ml. End-tidal isoflurane concentrations were also slightly reduced while haemodynamic measures remained constant. The ACD-50 reduces the tidal volume needed to eliminate carbon dioxide without augmenting isoflurane consumption.
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