Publication date: Apr 09, 2018
Neurodegenerative pathologies are among the most serious and socially significant problems of modern medicine, along with cardiovascular and oncological diseases. Several attempts have been made to prevent neuronal death using novel drugs targeted to the cell calcium signaling machinery, but the lack of adequate models for screening markedly impairs the development of relevant drugs. A potential breakthrough in this field is offered by the models of hereditary neurodegenerative pathologies based on endogenous expression of mutant proteins in neurons differentiated from patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Here, we study specific features of store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) using an iPSCs-based model of Huntington’s disease (HD) and analyze the pharmacological effects of a specific drug targeted to the calcium channels. We show that SOCE in gamma aminobutyric acid-ergic striatal medium spiny neurons (GABA MSNs) was mediated by currents through at least two different channel groups, I and I. Both of these groups were upregulated in HD neurons compared with the wild-type neurons. Thapsigargin-induced intracellular calcium store depletion in GABA MSNs resulted in predominant activation of either I or I. The potential anti-HD drug EVP4593, which was previously shown to have neuroprotective activity in different HD models, affected both I and I.
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, Vigont, Nekrasov, E., Shalygin, A., Gusev, K., Klushnikov, S., Illarioshkin, S., Lagarkova, M., Kiselev, S.L., and Kaznacheyeva, E. Patient-Specific iPSC-Based Models of Huntington’s Disease as a Tool to Study Store-Operated Calcium Entry Drug Targeting. 06312. 2018 Front Pharmacol (9):
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