Publication date: Feb 07, 2019
Alameda County has some of the highest human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) case rates of California counties. We identified TB-HIV co-infected patients in 2002-2015 by matching county TB and HIV registries, and assessed trends in TB-HIV case rates and estimated prevalence ratios for HIV co-infection. Of 2054 TB cases reported during 2002-2015, 91 (4%) were HIV co-infected. TB-HIV case rates were 0.29/100,000 and 0.40/100,000 in 2002 and 2015, respectively, with no significant change (P = 0.85). African-American TB case-patients were 9.77 times (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.90-16.17) more likely than Asians to be HIV co-infected, and men 2.74 times (95% CI 1.66-4.51) more likely co-infected than women. HIV co-infection was more likely among TB case-patients with homelessness (6.21, 95% CI 3.49-11.05) and injection drug use (11.75, 95% CI 7.61-18.14), but less common among foreign-born and older case-patients (both P
Davy-Mendez, T., Shiau, R., Okada, R.C., Moss, N.J., Huang, S., Murgai, N., and Chitnis, A.S. Combining surveillance systems to investigate local trends in tuberculosis-HIV co-infection. 04734. 2019 AIDS Care.
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