Family member opioid prescriptions and opioid use disorder.

Family member opioid prescriptions and opioid use disorder.

Publication date: Feb 28, 2019

It is recognized that family members are a major source of diverted opioids. Yet it is not known how family member opioid prescriptions predict the development of an opioid use disorder (OUD).We conducted an observational study using commercial health care claims to investigate the association between a family member opioid prescription and an individual having an OUD-related claim in a large sample of patients with commercial insurance. We found that individuals had higher odds of having an OUD when a family member had an opioid prescription. This effect was magnified in spouses and employees compared with adolescents and young adult dependents. In addition, adult dependents with a pre-existing non-OUD substance use disorder had higher odds of having an OUD when a family member also had an opioid prescription. Given the high risk of opioid-related morbidity and mortality, more attention should be given to safeguard opioid diversion and to facilitate appropriate disposal of unused opioids.

Ali, M.M., Henke, R.M., Mutter, R., O’Brien, P.L., Cutler, E., Mazer-Amirshahi, M., and Pines, J.M. Family member opioid prescriptions and opioid use disorder. 03245. 2019 Addict Behav (95):

Concepts Keywords
Insurance Opioid epidemic
Morbidity Opioid use disorder
Mortality Analgesic
Opioid Heroin
Opioids Morphinans
Euphoriants
Morphine
RTT
Psychoactive drugs
Opioids
OUD substance disorder
Large commercial insurance

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH substance use disorder
gene UNIPROT LARGE1
disease MESH development

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