Nutrient Composition Comparison between the Low Saturated Fat Swank Diet for Multiple Sclerosis and Healthy U.S.-Style Eating Pattern.

Nutrient Composition Comparison between the Low Saturated Fat Swank Diet for Multiple Sclerosis and Healthy U.S.-Style Eating Pattern.

Publication date: Mar 13, 2019

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an incurable degenerative disease that attacks the central nervous system. Roy Swank proposed a low saturated fat diet to treat MS around 1950 and showed delayed disease progression in his patients. However, there is insufficient evidence to recommend this diet for MS and default dietary recommendations are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). This study assessed the nutritional adequacy of seven-day menus developed by Swank and their compliance with the DGA; menus were modeled for comparison with the DGA Healthy US-Style Eating Pattern (HEP) for males and females 31⁻50 years. Swank recommended dietary supplements corrected menu shortfalls in vitamins D, E, calcium, folate and iron but not dietary fiber, potassium and choline. Healthy Eating Index-2015 score for Swank menus (93.2/100) indicated good compliance with the DGA. Nutritional adequacy of the Swank modeled diet was similar to HEP for 17 vitamins and minerals (Mean Adequacy Ratios ≥94%) with similar shortfall nutrients except magnesium (HEP males) and dietary fiber (Swank males). Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores for Swank male (90/110) and female (88/110) model diets were similar to HEP. Swank menus have similar nutritional adequacy as HEP. Inclusion of foods high in dietary fiber, potassium and choline may be advised as well as selection of foods to reduce sodium below the Tolerable Upper Intake Level.

Chenard, C.A., Rubenstein, L.M., Snetselaar, L.G., and Wahls, T.L. Nutrient Composition Comparison between the Low Saturated Fat Swank Diet for Multiple Sclerosis and Healthy U.S.-Style Eating Pattern. 17527. 2019 Nutrients (11):3.

Concepts Keywords
Calcium Nutrient
Central Nervous System Dietary Reference Intake
Choline Dietary supplement
Dietary Fiber Choline
Dietary Supplements Dietary fiber
Folate Swank diet
HEP Contents
Iron Nutrition
Magnesium Health
Multiple Sclerosis Articles
Potassium Dietary supplements
Saturated Fat MS
Sodium

Semantics

Type Source Name
drug DRUGBANK Magnesium cation
drug DRUGBANK Choline
drug DRUGBANK Potassium cation
drug DRUGBANK Iron
drug DRUGBANK Folic Acid
drug DRUGBANK Calcium
pathway BSID Vitamins
gene UNIPROT EPHB6
gene UNIPROT DNLZ
disease MESH disease progression
disease DOID degenerative disease
disease DOID Multiple Sclerosis
gene UNIPROT CD36
disease MESH Multiple Sclerosis
gene UNIPROT FAT1
drug DRUGBANK Palmitic Acid

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