Publication date: Apr 11, 2019
Achillea alpina is widely distributed in Korea and is often used as a folk medicine for stomach disorders. Although a previous study isolated antioxidant compounds (flavonoid O-glucoside, sesquiterpene) from this plant, no systematic study of its chemical constituents had been reported. The present study aimed to identify the phytochemicals present in a methanol extract of A. alpina, assess their potential antioxidant activities in vitro, and determine their effects on melanogenesis in B16F10 melanoma cells. Column chromatographic separation of aqueous fractions of A. alpina led to the isolation of 17 compounds. The chemical structures of these compounds were determined using spectroscopic data from electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to identify compounds 2 10 and 12 17 in A. alpina. Furthermore, compound 6 possessed powerful antioxidant activity, while compound 15 suppressed intracellular tyrosinase activity and thus reduced melanogenesis in B16F10 cells. Therefore, our research suggested that these naturally occurring compounds have the potential to reduce oxidative stress and to promote skin whitening. Further investigations will be required to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the antioxidant and anti-tyrosinase activities of these compounds.
Cho, H.W., Lee, H.J., Sim, M.O., Woo, K.W., Jeong, D.E., Jung, H.K., and An, B. Antioxidant and Anti-melanogenic activities of Compounds isolated from the Aerial parts of Achillea alpina L. 22288. 2019 Chem Biodivers.
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