Publication date: May 09, 2019
Nigral dopaminergic (DAergic) cell degeneration and depletion of dopamine neurotransmitter in the midbrain are cardinal features of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Dopamine system regulates different aspects of behavioural phenotypes such as motor control, reward, anxiety and depression via acting on dopamine receptors (D1-D5). Recent studies have shown the potential effect of dopamine on modulation of neurogenesis, a process of newborn neuron formation from neural stem cells (NSCs). Reduced proliferative capacity of NSCs and net neurogenesis has been reported in subventricular zone, olfactory bulb and hippocampus of patients with PD. However, the molecular and cellular mechanism of dopamine mediated modulation of DAergic neurogenesis is not defined. In this study, we attempted to investigate the molecular mechanism of dopamine receptors mediated control of DAergic neurogenesis and whether it affects mitochondrial biogenesis in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induced rat model of PD-like phenotypes. Unilateral administration of 6-OHDA into medial forebrain bundle potentially reduced tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity, dopamine content in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and striatum region and impaired motor functions in adult rats. We found decreased D1 receptor expression, mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial functions and DAergic differentiation associated with down-regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling in SNpc of 6-OHDA lesioned rats. Pharmacological stimulation of D1 receptor enhanced mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial functions and DAergic neurogenesis that lead to improved motor functions in 6-OHDA lesioned rats. D1 agonist induced effects were attenuated following administration of D1 antagonist, whereas shRNA mediated knockdown of Axin-2, a negative regulator of Wnt signalling significantly abolished D1 antagonist induced impairment in mitochondrial biogenesis and DAergic neurogenesis in 6-OHDA lesioned rats. Our results suggest that dopamine receptor regulates DAergic neurogenesis and mitochondrial functions by activation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling in rat model of PD-like phenotypes.
Mishra, A., Singh, S., , Tiwari, Chaturvedi, S., Wahajuddin, M., and Shukla, S. Dopamine receptor activation mitigates mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress to enhance dopaminergic neurogenesis in 6-OHDA lesioned rats: A role of Wnt signalling. 20750. 2019 Neurochem Int.
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