Publication date: Jul 04, 2019
The successful implementation of immunotherapies has provided new impetus in the fight against cancer. Antibody-mediated blockade of immune checkpoint molecules PD-1 / PD-L1 and CTLA-4 has had a dramatic impact upon the treatment of previously intractable cancers such as malignant melanoma, whilst adoptive cell therapies using chimeric antigen receptor-bearing T cells have proven highly efficacious in B cell leukaemia. Furthermore, significant progress has been made in understanding the mechanisms by which tumours evade or become resistant to these immunotherapies. In this regard, approaches to broaden the applicability and enhance the efficacy of immunotherapies increasingly include modulation of tumuor and immune cell metabolism. In this mini-review we highlight the most recent studies describing novel approaches and targets for the manipulation of the tumour microenvironment and T cell metabolism and describe how these approaches are being combined with current immunotherapies in preclinical studies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Hope, H.C. and Salmond, R.J. Targeting the tumour microenvironment and T cell metabolism for effective cancer immunotherapy. 23274. 2019 Eur J Immunol.