Publication date: Jul 09, 2019
Targeted therapies (TT), combination immunotherapy (CMI), and monoimmunotherapy (MI) in combination with radiotherapy (CRI) or not are commonly used in patients with melanoma brain metastases, but studies that directly compare these strategies are lacking. The current meta-analysis aimed to better elucidate their activity and efficacy.
A systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, and conference proceedings up to January 2019 was performed to identify trials investigating combination TT, monotargeted TT (mono TT), MI, CMI, and CRI in melanoma brain metastases. The outcomes considered were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and the objective response rate (ORR) as evaluated at both intracranial and extracranial sites. Random effects models were used to compare the different therapeutic strategies.
A total of 15 trials were included that provided 1132 patients for analyses. CMI demonstrated a statistically significant better OS compared with MI (P = .03, P = .05, and P = .03, respectively, at 6 months, 18 months, and 24 months) and combination TT (P = .04 and P = .03, respectively, at 18 months and 24 months). CMI demonstrated a statistically significant better PFS compared with combination TT (P
Rulli, E., Legramandi, L., Salvati, L., and Mandala, M. The impact of targeted therapies and immunotherapy in melanoma brain metastases: A systematic review and meta-analysis. 23320. 2019 Cancer.