Publication date: Mar 16, 2019
The wild type huntingtin protein (Htt), supports the production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a survival factor for striatal neurons, through cytoplasmic sequestering of RE-1silencing transcription factor (REST). In Huntington’s Disease an inherited degenerative disease, caused by a CAG expansion in the 5’coding region of the gene, the mutant huntingtin protein (mHtt), causes that REST enters pathologically into the nucleus of cells, resulting in the repression of neuronal genes including BDNF, resulting in the progressive neuronal death. It has been reported that Htt associates with Hsp90 and this interaction is involved in regulation of huntingtin aggregation. Discovering mechanisms to reduce the cellular levels of mutant huntingtin and REST provide promising strategies for treating Huntington disease. Here, we use the yeast two-hybrid system to show that N-terminus or REST interacts with the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and identifies REST as an Hsp90 Client Protein. To assess the effects of Hsp90 we used antisense oligonucleotide, and evaluated the levels mHtt and REST levels. Our results show that direct knockdown of endogenous Hsp90 significantly reduces the levels of REST and mutant Huntingtin, decreased the percentage of cells with mHtt in nucleus and rescued cells from mHtt-induced cellular cytotoxicity. Additionally Hsp90-specific inhibitors geldanamicyn and PUH71 dramatically reduced mHtt and REST levels, thereby providing neuroprotective activity. Our data show that Hsp90 is necessary to maintain the levels of REST and mHtt, which suggests that the interactions between Hsp90-REST and Hsp90-Huntingtin could be potential therapeutic targets in Huntington’s disease.
Open Access PDF
Orozco-D’iaz, R., S’anchez-‘Alvarez, A., Hern’andez-Hern’andez, J.M., and Tapia-Ram’irez, J. The interaction between RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST) and heat shock protein 90 as new therapeutic target against Huntington’s disease. 06597. 2019 PLoS One (14):7.