The Epidemiology of Skin Cancer and Public Health Strategies for Its Prevention in Southern Africa.

Publication date: Feb 06, 2020

Skin cancer is a non-communicable disease that has been underexplored in Africa, including Southern Africa. Exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is an important, potentially modifiable risk factor for skin cancer. The countries which comprise Southern Africa are Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. They differ in population size and composition and experience different levels of solar UVR. Here, the epidemiology and prevalence of skin cancer in Southern African countries are outlined. Information is provided on skin cancer prevention campaigns in these countries, and evidence sought to support recommendations for skin cancer prevention, especially for people with fair skin, or oculocutaneous albinism or HIV-AIDS who are at the greatest risk. Consideration is given to the possible impacts of climate change on skin cancer in Southern Africa and the need for adaptation and human behavioural change is emphasized.

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Wright, C.Y., du Preez, D.J., Millar, D.A., and Norval, M. The Epidemiology of Skin Cancer and Public Health Strategies for Its Prevention in Southern Africa. 25773. 2020 Int J Environ Res Public Health (17):3.

Concepts Keywords
Africa Skin cancer
AIDS Light skin
Botswana Albinism
Climate Change Medicine
Epidemiology Health
HIV Sun tanning
Lesotho Branches of biology
Namibia Skin pigmentation
Oculocutaneous Albinism Radiation
Risk Factor AIDS
Skin Cancer Albinism
South Africa HIV
Southern Africa Radiation
Swaziland Sunburn
Ultraviolet Radiation Preventive healthcare
Oculocutaneous albinism


Type Source Name
disease MESH Skin Cancer
disease MESH non-communicable disease
disease MESH risk factor
disease MESH oculocutaneous albinism
disease MESH AIDS
disease MESH cancer
disease MESH melanoma
pathway KEGG Melanoma


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