Detecting Autism Early

Detecting Autism Early

Publication date: Feb 13, 2020

Moreover, children with certain genetic conditions, such as Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and Rett syndrome, are more susceptible to develop autism.

As mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a child with autism generally presents with the following symptoms: The signs and symptoms of autism vary from person to person, and there is a wide variety of types and intensities of the symptoms.

For effective and timely detection of autism, all children should undergo screening for developmental delays during regular well-child doctor visits at the ages of 9, 18, and 24 or 30 months.

Besides, all children should undergo specific autism screening tests at the ages of 18 and 24 months.

If any symptom of autism is detected during the developmental screening, a doctor may recommend a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation for further confirmation.

A comprehensive diagnostic evaluation performed by a team of specialized doctors, including developmental pediatricians (specialized in child development), child psychologists/psychiatrists (specialized in brain development and behavior), neurologists (specialized in detecting and treating neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders), and speech-language therapists (specialized in treating communication difficulties).

According to the newly revised version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5), certain medical conditions (autistic disorder, Asperger’s’ syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified), which were previously recognized as separate conditions, are now grouped together as ‘autism spectrum disorder’.

Concepts Keywords
18 Months Health
Aspergers Syndrome Learning disabilities
Autism High-functioning autism
Autism Spectrum Disorder Asperger syndrome
Autistic Disorder Autism
Birth Weight RTT
Blood Pervasive developmental disorders
Brain Symptom autism
Cognitive Fact autism
Developmental Disorder Formal diagnosis autism
DSM Children autism
Echolalia Timely detection autism
Etiology Exact etiology autism
Eye Contact Preterm birth
Genetic Pervasive developmental disorder
Genetic Testing Specific autism
Neurodevelopmental Disorders Psychiatric diagnosis
Neurological Abnormal psychology
Noise Psychiatry
Pervasive Developmental Disorder Signs symptoms autism
Preterm Birth Neurological neurodevelopmental disorders
Rett Syndrome Siblings autism
Revised Version Detection autism
Social Communication
Social Interaction


Type Source Name
disease MESH syndrome
disease MESH habits
disease MESH neurodevelopmental disorders
disease MESH facial expressions
disease MESH echolalia
disease MESH diagnosis
disease MESH social interaction
disease MESH Mental Disorders
disease MESH Rett syndrome
disease MESH low birth weight
disease MESH preterm birth
disease MESH risk factors
disease MESH development
disease MESH autism spectrum disorder
disease MESH Autism

Original Article

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