Publication date: Feb 13, 2020
Moreover, children with certain genetic conditions, such as Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and Rett syndrome, are more susceptible to develop autism.
As mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a child with autism generally presents with the following symptoms: The signs and symptoms of autism vary from person to person, and there is a wide variety of types and intensities of the symptoms.
For effective and timely detection of autism, all children should undergo screening for developmental delays during regular well-child doctor visits at the ages of 9, 18, and 24 or 30 months.
Besides, all children should undergo specific autism screening tests at the ages of 18 and 24 months.
If any symptom of autism is detected during the developmental screening, a doctor may recommend a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation for further confirmation.
A comprehensive diagnostic evaluation performed by a team of specialized doctors, including developmental pediatricians (specialized in child development), child psychologists/psychiatrists (specialized in brain development and behavior), neurologists (specialized in detecting and treating neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders), and speech-language therapists (specialized in treating communication difficulties).
According to the newly revised version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5), certain medical conditions (autistic disorder, Asperger’s’ syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified), which were previously recognized as separate conditions, are now grouped together as ‘autism spectrum disorder’.
|disease||MESH||low birth weight|
|disease||MESH||autism spectrum disorder|