Why is Music Therapeutic for Neurological Disorders? The Therapeutic Music Capacities Model.

Publication date: Feb 09, 2020

Music has cognitive, psychosocial, behavioral and motor benefits for people with neurological disorders such as dementia, stroke, Parkinson’s disease and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Here we discuss seven properties or ‘capacities’ of music that interact with brain function and contribute to its therapeutic value. Specifically, in its various forms, music can be engaging, emotional, physical, personal, social and persuasive, and it promotes synchronization of movement. We propose the Therapeutic Music Capacities Model (TMCM), which links individual properties of music to therapeutic mechanisms, leading to cognitive, psychosocial, behavioral and motor benefits. We review evidence that these capacities have reliable benefits for people with dementia, stroke, PD and ASD when employed separately or in combination. The model accounts for the profound value that music affords human health and well-being and provides a framework for the development of non-pharmaceutical treatments for neurological disorders.

Brancatisano, O., Baird, A., and Thompson, W.F. Why is Music Therapeutic for Neurological Disorders? The Therapeutic Music Capacities Model. 15224. 2020 Neurosci Biobehav Rev.

Concepts Keywords
Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder
Brain Music therapy
Cognitive Psychiatric diagnosis
Dementia RTT
Interact Psychiatry
Neurological Disorders Abnormal psychology
Parkinson Learning disabilities
Pharmaceutical Health
Psychosocial Neurological disorders
Stroke Pervasive developmental disorders
Synchronization Music therapy


Type Source Name
disease MESH Neurological Disorders
disease MESH dementia
disease MESH stroke
disease MESH Autism Spectrum Disorder
disease MESH development

Original Article

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *