Frontal Alpha Asymmetry Moderated by Suicidal Ideation in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: A Comparison with Healthy Individuals.

Publication date: Feb 29, 2020

Frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA) of electroencephalography (EEG) has been studied to differentiate patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) from healthy controls (HC). However, inconsistent results have been obtained thus far. Suicidal ideation (SI) has been known to alter frontal lobe activity, and could be an important covariate in FAA studies. This study aimed to explore the influence of FAA on the relationship among MDD patients with SI and without SI, and HC.

Sixty-seven patients with MDD (44 without and 23 with SI) and 60 HCs were recruited. Resting state EEG was recorded with their eyes open, and FAA as a lateralized index of alpha power was calculated in the frontal brain region. Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety and Depression scores were estimated.

FAA was higher (increased alpha power in the left frontal region) in the MDD group than in the HC group. The FAA was lower (reduced alpha power in the left frontal region) in MDD patients with SI than in MDD patients without SI. The severity of depression and anxiety symptoms were significantly correlated with FAA only in MDD patients with SI. SI moderated the effects of depressive symptom on FAA in the MDD group.

Our results suggest that SI is a clinically important moderator of frontal alpha asymmetry in patients with MDD.

Open Access PDF

Roh, S.C., Kim, J.S., Kim, S., Kim, Y., and Lee, S.H. Frontal Alpha Asymmetry Moderated by Suicidal Ideation in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: A Comparison with Healthy Individuals. 21091. 2020 Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci (18):1.

Concepts Keywords
Anxiety Alpha
Covariate Major depressive disorder
Depression MDD
EEG Suicidal ideation
Electroencephalography Borderline personality disorder
Eyes Open Emotion
FAA Abnormal psychology
Frontal Brain Psychiatric diagnosis
Frontal Lobe Psychiatry
Hamilton RTT
Major Depressive Disorder Mood disorders
Suicidal Ideation Depression
Symptom

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH Suicidal Ideation
disease MESH Major Depressive Disorder
disease MESH Anxiety
disease MESH Depression

Original Article

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