Publication date: Mar 19, 2020
Although over one-third of stroke patients may develop post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI), the mechanisms underlying PSCI remain unclear. We explored here, the involvement of post-stroke inflammasomes in long-term PSCI development, using a 45 min-middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)/reperfusion-induced PSCI model. Immunohistological assessment on day 1, 3, and 7 was followed by cognitive function test 28 days post-stroke. Evaluation of inflammasome sensor gene expression in aged mouse brains showed dominant expression of absent in melanoma 2 (Aim2) in 6-, 12-, and 18-month-old mouse brains. AIM2 mRNA and protein increased until 7 days post-stroke. PSCI decreased anxiety in elevated plus maze tests and impaired spatial learning and memory functions in Morris water maze tests 28 days post-stroke. AIM2 and other inflammasome subunit immunoreactivities, including those for caspase-1, interleukin (IL)-1?, and IL-18, were higher in the hippocampus and cortex of the PSCI than in those of the sham group 7 days post-stroke. AIM2 immunoreactivity of the PSCI group was primarily co-localized with Iba-1 (microglial marker) and CD31 (endothelial cell marker) immunoreactivities but not NeuN (neuronal marker) and GFAP (astrocyte marker) immunoreactivities, suggesting that microglia or endothelial cell-induced AIM2 production mediated PSCI pathogenesis. Additionally, inflammasome-induced pyroptosis might contribute to acute and chronic neuronal death after stroke. AIM2 knockout (KO) and Ac-YVAD-CMK-induced caspase-1 inhibition in mice significantly improved cognitive function and reversed brain volume in the hippocampus relative to those in stroke mice. Conclusively, AIM2 inflammasome-mediated inflammation and pyroptosis likely aggravated PSCI; therefore, targeting and controlling AIM2 inflammasome could potentially treat PSCI.
Kim, H., Seo, J.S., Lee, S.Y., Ha, K.T., Choi, B.T., Shin, Y.I., Ju Yun, Y., and Shin, H.K. AIM2 inflammasome contributes to brain injury and chronic post-stroke cognitive impairment in mice. 26208. 2020 Brain Behav Immun.
|disease||MESH||middle cerebral artery occlusion|
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