How Nipah Virus Spreads From Bats To Humans Through Food? Symptoms And How To Prevent It?

How Nipah Virus Spreads From Bats To Humans Through Food? Symptoms And How To Prevent It?

Publication date: Nov 09, 2020

The winter season every year sees the outbreak of Nipah virus that spreads from bats to humans, mainly in “Nipah belt,” which stretches along Bangladesh’s western border with India.

However, the cause and mode of transmission of the virus from bats to humans through food has been detected.

The consumption of cultivated food resources contaminated with fruit bat excreta – such as mangoes in Malaysia and date palm sap (consumed as food and juice) in Bangladesh and northeastern India – have been identified as the predominant cause of spillover to pigs and people.

Human outbreaks occur almost annually in Bangladesh from November to April and it coincides with raw date-palm-sap in the “Nipah belt”.

Incidence is low, but bats carry NiV across Bangladesh and can shed virus at any time of year, highlighting the importance of routes of transmission to the timing and location of human NiV outbreaks,” said Jonathan H. Epstein, lead author of the study.

Use protective coverings to prevent bat access to date palm sap and other fresh fruit products.

Concepts Keywords
Atypical Pneumonia Food juice
Bangladesh Fresh fruit products
Bat Meat products
Blood Vomiting
Brain Coma
Coma Throat dizziness drowsiness
Consciousness Fever headaches
Coronavirus Virology
Dizziness Viral diseases
Drowsiness Zoonoses
Encephalitis Microbiology
Excreta Veterinary medicine
FAO Animal virology
Fever Henipavirus
Fruit Nipah virus
Fruit Bats Nipah virus infection
Immunity Pteropus
India Paramyxoviridae
Kerala Megabat
Kidneys
Livestock
Lungs
Lymph Nodes
Malaysia
Mangoes
Meat
Mortality Rate
Muscle Pain
Myalgia
Neurological
Nipah Virus
NiV
Palm
Population Density
Pteropus
Respiratory Distress
Respiratory Tract
Sap
Seizures
Sore Throat
United Nations
Viral
Virus
Vomiting
WHO
Wildlife

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH encephalitis
disease MESH recrudescence
drug DRUGBANK Vitamin D
disease MESH sore throat
disease MESH pneumonia
disease MESH seizures
disease MESH coma

Original Article

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