Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: The state of the art of efficacy in children and adolescent with post traumatic stress disorder.

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: The state of the art of efficacy in children and adolescent with post traumatic stress disorder.

Publication date: Mar 01, 2021

PTSD in youth is more common and debilitating than it was previously thought. This untreated condition is highly correlated to critical mental health condition, such as depression, anxiety disruptive-behaviours, and substance use disorders. Despite the growing number of studies investigating Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in childhood and adolescent, results have not been systematically revised since 2017. The aim of this work is to systematically reviewed all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of EMDR on PTSD symptoms in children and adolescent and asses whether EMDR therapy was effective to improve anxious and/or depressive symptoms. In a short series of articles, we will review the efficacy of EMDR on children and adolescent with PTSD and comorbid symptoms. The present brief review will focus on randomized controlled trials with an EMDR group condition compared to a control group published until January 2020. eight studies (n = 150) met our inclusion criteria. Preliminary analyses showed that EMDR has a comparable efficacy to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in reducing PTSD, anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms and was superior to waitlist/placebo condition. Moreover EMDR seems to be more effective in a shorter period of time. despite the small number of studies, the preliminary results suggest that EMDR therapy could be an effective treatment for children and adolescent with PTSD and anxious and/or depressive symptoms. Further research is needed to support these results.

Concepts Keywords
Depressive American psychologists
Desensitization Post-traumatic stress disorder
Disorder Psychiatric diagnosis
Posttraumatic Adverse childhood experiences
Ptsd Psychotherapy
Reprocessing Clinical medicine
Therapy Psychiatry
EMDR PTSD
Francine Shapiro
CBT
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Psychological trauma

Semantics

Type Source Name
disease MESH traumatic stress disorder
disease MESH PTSD
disease MESH depression
disease MESH anxiety
disease MESH substance use disorders
drug DRUGBANK Methionine

Original Article

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