Publication date: May 20, 2022
Despite the tremendous progresses of cancer immunotherapy, its current clinical responses rate in melanoma remains to be improved. Here, we have reported a skin penetrating tetrahedral framework nucleic acid immune adjuvant (FNAIA) to transdermally deliver chemotherapy drugs into melanoma to induce the immunogenic death of tumor cells and expose tumor antigens, which with assistance of CpG oligodeoxynucleotide incorporated in FNAIA could trigger systemic tumor-specific immune responses. Compared with free CpG, FNAIA could penetrate deeper into subcutaneous tumor tissues and more effectively stimulate dendritic cell maturation. Notably, doxorubicin-loaded FNAIA locally applied on the intact skin above the melanoma could effectively inhibit the growth of mouse B16F10 melanoma and increase tumor CD8 T cell infiltration. Moreover, combined with immune checkpoint inhibitor, the growth of distant tumors could also be effectively inhibited, suggesting that this strategy could induce systemic immune responses. Therefore, this work provides a new idea for non-invasive treatment of skin cancer.