General public awareness, knowledge and attitude toward COVID-19 infection and prevention: a cross-sectional study from Pakistan.

Publication date: May 03, 2023

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the knowledge, perceptions, and attitude of the public in Pakistan (using social media) towards COVID-19. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 1120 individuals nationwide. A self-developed, pre-tested questionnaire was used that comprised of sections covering demographic characteristics, medical history, hygiene awareness, COVID-19-related knowledge, and learning attitude. Descriptive statistics were used for frequencies, percentages, averages and standard deviations. Inferential statistics were done using the Student’s t-test and ANOVA. Results: The average age of participants was 31 years (range 18-60 years). In total 56 individuals (5%) had completed primary or secondary school education; 448 (40%) were employed (working from home) and 60% were jobless due to the COVID-19 crisis. Almost all the study subjects (1030 (92%)) were washing their hands multiple times a day. A total of 83% had awareness regarding quarantine time, 82% used face masks whenever they left their homes, 98% were aware of the origin of the disease, and 70% had knowledge regarding the most common symptoms of COVID-19. Conclusion: It can be concluded from the current study that female participants had higher level of education, and more awareness regarding the coronavirus. The majority of the participants followed proper hand washing regimes and washed their faces. Further knowledge and awareness should be promoted.

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Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus Adolescent
Education Adult
Jobless Awareness
Pakistan COVID-19
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hand Disinfection
Middle Aged
Young Adult


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH infection
disease IDO history
disease VO ANOVA
disease VO time
disease MESH level of education
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
disease VO organization
disease MESH pneumonia
disease VO organ
disease MESH death
disease VO mouth
disease VO nose
disease IDO country
disease MESH heart disease
disease VO protocol
disease VO frequency

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