Incorporating surgical and anesthesia care into universal health care: a national plan for the development of surgery in Madagascar.

Publication date: Jun 28, 2023

Efforts have been made to strengthen national health systems for safe, affordable, and timely surgical, obstetric, trauma, and anesthesia (SOTA) care since 2015 when the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) identified critical needs in improving access to essential surgical care for five billion people worldwide. Several governments have developed National Surgical, Obstetric, and Anesthesia Plans (NSOAPs) as a commitment to ensuring safe and accessible surgical care for all of their population. The Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) of Madagascar launched its NSOAP in May 2019, named Le Plan National de DcE9veloppement de la Chirurgie a Madagascar (PNDCHM). This policy established Madagascar as the first African francophone country to define concrete objectives for the Malagasy health system to meet the targets set by the LCoGS by 2030. The PNDCHM outlined the following priorities and specific action points to be implemented from 2019 to 2023: improving technical capacity, training human resources, developing a health information system, ensuring adequate governance and leadership, offering quality care, creating specific surgical services, and financing and mobilizing resources for implementation. Challenges encountered in the process included complex coordination between different stakeholders, allocating a sufficient budget for its implementation, frequent turnover within the MoPH, and the COVID-19 pandemic. The PNDCHM is a first of its kind in francophone Africa and the many lessons learned can serve as guidance for countries aspiring to build NSOAPs of their own.

Concepts Keywords
Affordable global surgery
African Madagascar
Madagascar NSOAP


Type Source Name
disease VO population
disease IDO country
disease IDO quality
disease IDO process
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic

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