Hematomyelia associated with coronavirus disease 2019: A rare case report.

Publication date: Jul 07, 2023

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can damage the central nervous system. Although there have been reports of cerebral hemorrhage and infarction caused by COVID-19, hematomyelia due to COVID-19 has never been reported. A 40-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with positive nucleic acid detection for COVID-19 after experiencing fever for 2 weeks, urinary retention, fecal retention, and pain in both lower extremities for a week. The patient diagnosis was established using thoracic and lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Contrast-enhanced thoracic and lumbar MRI revealed subdural (dorsal predominant) short T1 and slightly long T2 bands in the T12-S2 infundibular canal in the scan field, and the subdural hematoma was yet to be distinguished from other diseases. Spinal cord edema was observed in the left vertebral plate and facet joint of the T11 vertebral body, indicative of inflammation. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was positive for COVID-19 nucleic acid. Antiinfection, immunomodulation, correction of acid-base balance and electrolyte disorders, improvement of circulation, nerve nutrition, and other symptomatic supportive treatments were administered to the patient. The patient symptoms significantly improved after 4 weeks of anti-infection and immunomodulatory therapy. Repeat thoracolumbar MRI revealed absorption of the spinal cord hematoma, and the patient was discharged from the hospital. To date, COVID-19-related hematomyelia has not been reported and anti-infective and immunomodulatory therapies may be effective. COVID-19 not only easily leads to brain injury but can also cause spinal cord injury and even spinal cord hemorrhage. When patients with COVID-19 experience symptoms and signs of spinal cord injury, spinal cord injury and bleeding caused by COVID-19 should be considered, and MRI and lumbar puncture should be performed as soon as possible to make a clear diagnosis.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus Acid
Hematoma Caused
Nervous Cord
Nutrition Coronavirus
Week Covid


Type Source Name
disease MESH Hematomyelia
disease MESH coronavirus disease 2019
disease VO report
disease MESH cerebral hemorrhage
disease MESH infarction
disease MESH urinary retention
disease MESH subdural hematoma
disease MESH edema
disease MESH inflammation
drug DRUGBANK Isoxaflutole
disease MESH infection
disease MESH hematoma
disease VO effective
disease MESH hemorrhage

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