Correlation between COVID-19-related health anxiety and coping styles among frontline nurses.

Publication date: Jul 10, 2023

The long-term epidemic of COVID-19 and its recurrence has exposed frontline nurses to mental disorders such as stress and health anxiety. High levels of health anxiety associated with COVID-19 may lead to maladaptive behaviors. There is no agreement on which coping styles are most effective against stress. Therefore, more evidence is required to find better adaptive behaviors. The present study was conducted to investigate the correlation between the level of health anxiety and the type of coping strategies used by frontline nurses fighting COVID-19. This is a cross-sectional study that was performed on a convenience sample of 386 nurses who are working in the COVID department from October to December 2020, coinciding with the outbreak of the third COVID-19 peak in Iran. Data were collected through a demographic questionnaire, the short version of the health anxiety questionnaire, and coping inventory for stressful situations. Data were analyzed using independent T-test, U-Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis statistical tests with SPSS version 23 software. The mean score of nurses’ health anxiety was 17. 61 +/- 9. 26 which was more than the cut-off point for health anxiety and 59. 1% of nurses had COVID-19-related health anxiety. The mean score of problem coping style (26. 85 +/- 5. 19), was higher than emotion (18. 48 +/- 5. 63) and avoidance (19. 64 +/- 5. 88) coping styles and nurses mostly used problem-coping strategies to deal with anxiety caused by COVID-19. There was a positive significant correlation between the scores of health anxiety and emotion coping style (r = 0. 54; P 

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Concepts Keywords
Iran Adaptation, psychological
Maladaptive Anxiety
Nurses COVID-19
Therapy Nurses


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH mental disorders
disease VO effective
drug DRUGBANK Tropicamide
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease VO ineffective
drug DRUGBANK Etoperidone
disease MESH hypochondriasis
disease VO population
disease MESH insomnia
disease MESH loneliness
disease MESH emotional distress
disease VO effectiveness
drug DRUGBANK Creatinolfosfate
disease MESH marital status
disease VO report
disease VO frequency
disease VO protocol
drug DRUGBANK Esomeprazole
disease MESH infection
disease MESH death
drug DRUGBANK Aspartame
drug DRUGBANK Carboxyamidotriazole
disease MESH Psychological stress
disease MESH Burnout
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
pathway KEGG Coronavirus disease
drug DRUGBANK Phenindione
drug DRUGBANK Alprostadil
disease MESH chronically ill
drug DRUGBANK Nonoxynol-9
drug DRUGBANK Medrysone
disease MESH pneumonia
drug DRUGBANK Ethanol
disease MESH Middle East respiratory syndrome
disease VO age
disease MESH breast cancer
pathway KEGG Breast cancer
disease MESH posttraumatic stress disorder

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