Spinal Cord Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Pain and Motor Outcomes.

Publication date: Jul 10, 2023

Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been investigated as a potential therapeutic option for managing refractory symptoms in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of SCS in PD. A comprehensive literature search was conducted on PubMed and Web of Science to identify SCS studies reporting Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale-III (UPDRS-III) or Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score changes in PD cohorts with at least 3 patients and a follow-up period of at least 1 month. Treatment effect was measured as the mean change in outcome scores and analyzed using an inverse variance random-effects model. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and funnel plots. A total of 11 studies comprising 76 patients were included. Nine studies involving 72 patients reported an estimated decrease of 4. 43 points (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2. 11; 6. 75, p < 0. 01) in UPDRS-III score, equivalent to a 14% reduction. The axial subscores in 48 patients decreased by 2. 35 points (95% CI: 1. 26; 3. 45, p < 0. 01, 20% reduction). The pooled effect size of five studies on back and leg pain VAS scores was calculated as 4. 38 (95% CI: 2. 67; 6. 09, p < 0. 001), equivalent to a 59% reduction. Our analysis suggests that SCS may provide significant motor and pain benefits for patients with PD, although the results should be interpreted with caution due to several potential limitations including study heterogeneity, open-label designs, small sample sizes, and the possibility of publication bias. Further research using larger sample sizes and placebo-/sham-controlled designs is needed to confirm effectiveness.

Concepts Keywords
Heterogeneity Gait improvement
Neurosurg Motor outcomes
Ottawa Pain
Parkinson Parkinson’s disease
Therapeutic Spinal cord stimulation


Type Source Name
disease MESH Parkinson Disease
pathway KEGG Parkinson disease
disease MESH Gait

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