Subjective well-being of adults with multiple sclerosis during COVID-19: Evaluating stress-appraisal-coping and person-environment factors.

Publication date: Jul 10, 2023

People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have been coping with high levels of stress during the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, affecting their employment, physical, and mental health, and overall life satisfaction. This study evaluated constructs of the stress-appraisal-coping theory and positive person-environment factors as predictors of subjective well-being for adults with MS. Participants included 477 adults with MS recruited through the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to determine the incremental variance in subjective well-being accounted for by demographic covariates, functional disability, perceived stress, stress appraisal, coping styles, and positive person-environment contextual factors. Positive stress appraisal and coping flexibility were significantly associated with subjective well-being at the bivariate correlation level and at the step they were entered into the regression model. Marital status, household income, functional disability, perceived stress, hope, core self-evaluations, and social support were significant predictors in the final model, accounting for 60% of the variance in subjective well-being scores (R^2 = .60, f^2 = 1. 48; large effect size). Findings from this study support a stress management and well-being model based on constructs of Lazarus and Folkman’s stress-appraisal-coping theory and positive person-environment contextual factors, which can inform the development of theory-driven and empirically supported stress management and well-being interventions for people with MS during the ongoing global health crisis. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

Concepts Keywords
Accounting Adults
Coronavirus Appraisal
Covid Constructs
Employment Coping
Sclerosis Environment


Type Source Name
disease MESH multiple sclerosis
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH Marital status
disease VO Apa

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