Alcohol use disorder among healthcare professional students: a structural equation model describing its effect on depression, anxiety, and risky sexual behavior.

Publication date: Jul 12, 2023

Mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and alcohol use disorders are among the leading causes of disability worldwide. Among university students, alcohol use and poor mental health are associated with risky sexual behavior. Given the syndemic occurrence of these disorders most especially in young adults, we describe the relationship between them so as to guide and intensify current interventions on reducing their burden in this population. This was a cross-sectional study based on an online survey among healthcare professional university students that captured sociodemographic characteristics, risky sexual behavior, alcohol use disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and depression. Structural equation modelling was used to describe the relationship between these variables using RStudio. We enrolled a total of 351 participants of which 11% (37/351) had Alcohol Use Disorder, 33% (117/351) had depressive symptoms and 32% (111/351) had symptoms of anxiety. A model describing the relationship between these variables was found to fit well both descriptively and statistically [χ = 44. 437, df = 21, p-value = 0. 01, CFI = 0. 989, TFI = 0. 980, RMSEA = 0. 056]. All observed variables were found to fit significantly and positively onto their respective latent factors (AUD, anxiety, depression and risky sexual behavior). AUD was found to be significantly associated with risky sexual behavior (β = 0. 381, P 

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Concepts Keywords
Alcohol Alcohol use disorder
Psychiatry And Uganda
Students Anxiety
Health professional students
Risky sexual behavior
Structural equation modelling


Type Source Name
disease MESH Alcohol use disorder
disease MESH causes
drug DRUGBANK Ethanol
disease MESH anxiety disorder
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH psychiatric disorders
disease MESH morbidity
disease MESH HIV infection
disease MESH drug interactions
disease MESH infection
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
drug DRUGBANK Methionine
drug DRUGBANK Indoleacetic acid
drug DRUGBANK Cysteamine
disease MESH Marital Status
disease MESH Depressive disorders
drug DRUGBANK Folic Acid
disease MESH comorbidity
drug DRUGBANK Proline
drug DRUGBANK gamma-Aminobutyric acid
disease MESH lifestyles
disease MESH alcohol problems
disease MESH non communicable diseases
disease MESH AIDS
disease MESH major depressive disorder
disease MESH adverse childhood experiences
disease MESH suicidal ideation
disease MESH COVID 19 pandemic
pathway KEGG Alcoholism
disease MESH schizophrenia

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