Parents’ self-reporting of Child Physical Maltreatment (CPM) in a low-middle-income country.

Publication date: Jul 13, 2023

Because of COVID-19 pandemic, families across the world are experiencing new stressors that threaten their health, and economic well-being. Such a stress may jeopardize parents-children relationship. We aim to investigate the magnitude of child physical maltreatment (CPM) by parents in Egypt during the COVID-19 pandemic, to relate it to parents’ stress, and to identify other potential risk factors. This cross-sectional study assessed parent-reported CPM and their personal experience of stress, depression, and anxiety among a sample of Egyptian parents using an electronic survey. It included sociodemographic data, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and the Child physical maltreatment scale (CPMS). We also briefly assessed COVID-19 -related data. Out of 404 respondents, (62. 9%) and (32. 9%) reported performing minor and severe CPM toward their children during the past 3 months, respectively. The age of youngest child, and anxiety score were significantly correlated with both minor and severe forms of CPM. While number of children, and online education system ratings were only significantly correlated with severe CPM. Parental definition of CPM was significantly correlated to minor CPM, but not to severe CPM. CPM by parents is not uncommon in Egypt, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings highlight the importance of regular support and intervention that help parents learn parenting skills and the use of non-violent child disciplining methods.

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Concepts Keywords
3months Anxiety
Egypt Child maltreatment
Pandemic COVID-19
Parents Depression
Psychiatry Parents’ stress


Type Source Name
disease IDO country
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease IDO intervention
pathway REACTOME Reproduction
disease MESH uncertainty
disease MESH unemployment
disease IDO history
disease MESH domestic violence
disease MESH burnout
drug DRUGBANK Trestolone
disease VO population
disease MESH violence
disease MESH social stigma
disease VO protocol
disease MESH education level
disease MESH marital status
disease MESH infection
disease VO report
disease IDO object
disease VO frequency
drug DRUGBANK Esomeprazole
drug DRUGBANK Ademetionine
disease VO effective
disease IDO replication
disease MESH emotional abuse
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
drug DRUGBANK Methyl isocyanate
drug DRUGBANK Hydrocortisone
disease VO effectiveness
drug DRUGBANK Gold
disease MESH Child maltreatment

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