Structure-based discovery of thiosemicarbazones as SARS-CoV-2 main protease inhibitors.

Publication date: Jul 12, 2023

Aim: Discovery of novel SARS-CoV-2 main protease (M) inhibitors using a structure-based drug discovery strategy. Materials & methods: Virtual screening employing covalent and noncovalent docking was performed to discover M inhibitors, which were subsequently evaluated in biochemical and cellular assays. Results: 91 virtual hits were selected for biochemical assays, and four were confirmed as reversible inhibitors of SARS CoV-2 M with IC values of 0. 4-3 μM. They were also shown to inhibit SARS-CoV-1 M and human cathepsin L. Molecular dynamics simulations indicated the stability of the M inhibitor complexes and the interaction of ligands at the subsites. Conclusion: This approach led to the discovery of novel thiosemicarbazones as potent SARS-CoV-2 M inhibitors.

Concepts Keywords
Biochemical computer-aided drug design
Docking coronavirus
Future molecular docking
Hits molecular dynamics simulations
Thiosemicarbazones Mpro
protease inhibitors
virtual screening

Original Article

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