A case report of a 16-year-old male with extrapulmonary tuberculosis presenting as multiloculated mediastinal, pleural, and paravertebral fluid collections with chest pain, Eldoret, Kenya.

Publication date: Jun 01, 2023

Extrapulmonary TB presenting as multiloculated pleural fluid collections is rare in persons less than 18 years of age, but it can occur. High index of suspicion is important in establishing early diagnosis and treatment to reduce morbidity and mortality. We present a case report of an immunocompetent African young man who presented with persistent chest pain and fever, and was diagnosed with extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) following chest CT scan, pleural biopsy histopathology examination, and Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining, and pleural fluid Gene Xpert studies.

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Concepts Keywords
18years extrapulmonary tuberculosis
Biopsy multiloculated pleural effusion
Immunocompetent pleural effusion
Kenya pleural tuberculosis
Tuberculosis tuberculosis


Type Source Name
disease MESH extrapulmonary tuberculosis
disease MESH chest pain
disease MESH morbidity
disease MESH pleural effusion
disease MESH pleural tuberculosis
disease MESH tuberculosis
pathway KEGG Tuberculosis

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