A Comparison of Long-Term Outcomes in Patients Managed With Venovenous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in the First and Second Waves of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United Kingdom.

Publication date: Aug 01, 2023

Early studies of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in COVID-19 have revealed similar outcomes to historical cohorts. Changes in the disease and treatments have led to differences in the patients supported on venovenous ECMO in the first and second waves. We aimed to compare these two groups in both the acute and follow-up phase. Retrospective single-center cohort study comparing mortality at censoring date (November 30, 2021) and decannulation, patient characteristics, complications and lung function and quality of life (QOL-by European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 3 Level Version) at first follow-up in patients supported on venovenous ECMO between wave 1 and wave 2 of the COVID-19 pandemic. Critical care department of a severe acute respiratory failure service. Patients supported on ECMO for COVID-19 between wave 1 (March 17, 2020, to August 31, 2020) and wave 2 (January 9, 2020, to May 25, 2021). None. One hundred twenty-three patients were included in our analysis. Survival at censoring date (χ 2 , 6. 35; p = 0. 012) and decannulation (90. 4% vs 70. 0%; p < 0. 001) was significantly lower in the second wave, while duration of ECMO run was longer (12. 0 d [18. 0-30. 0 d] vs 29. 5 d [15. 5-58. 3 d]; p = 0. 005). Wave 2 patients had longer application of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) prior to ECMO and a higher frequency of barotrauma. Patient age and NIV use were independently associated with increased mortality (odds ratio 1. 07 [1. 01-1. 14]; p = 0. 025 and 3. 37 [1. 12-12. 60]; p = 0. 043, respectively). QOL and lung function apart from transfer coefficient of carbon monoxide corrected for hemoglobin was similar at follow-up across the waves. Most patients with COVID-19 supported on ECMO in both waves survived in the short and longer term. At follow-up patients had similar lung function and QOL across the two waves. This suggests that ECMO has an ongoing role in the management of a carefully selected group of patients with COVID-19.

Concepts Keywords
August Covid
Covid Ecmo
Hemoglobin Extracorporeal
Pandemic Follow


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 Pandemic
disease MESH complications
disease IDO quality
disease MESH respiratory failure
disease VO frequency
drug DRUGBANK Carbon monoxide

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *