Publication date: May 01, 2023
Uveal melanoma (UVM), one common eye tumor in adults, is related with a high risk of metastasis and poor prognosis. Studies have shown that many miRNAs are abnormally expressed in UVM tissues, and play an important regulatory role in the cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis of UVM. Therefore, it is of great significance to analyze the expression characteristics of microRNAs (miRNAs) in UVM and clarify the role of miRNA in the tumorigenesis and development of UVM. In this study, we firstly downloaded and analyzed miRNA expression data of UVM tissues in TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database to select the differential expressed miRNAs in different clinical stages (IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, IV). Compared with other stages, microRNA-592 (miR-592) was up-regulated in stage IV UVM patients. Then we used several bioinformatics tools including miRbase, miRDB, RNA22 and TargetScan, and found that it was be conserved in different species. Cell viability was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8. The proliferation and invasion of MUM-2B and C819 cells was measured using Edu assay and Transwell assay. We found that silencing miR-592 enhanced the progression of UVM cells, while miR592 overexpression inhibited the cell growth and invasion. The target genes of miR-592 were predicted by three webservers (miRDB, RNA22, and TargetScan), and verified by Real-Time PCR (qPCR). This is the first study to explore the role of miR-592 in malignant progression of UVM by bioinformatics and cell experiments. Our study suggests that tumor suppressor miR-592 may function as potential therapeutic target and biomarker for UVM.
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