A Qualitative Examination of the Detroit Community Food Response to COVID-19.

Publication date: Jul 06, 2023

The COVID-19 pandemic increased the need for food assistance due to surging unemployment, the closure of in-person schooling, and other factors. This posed a historic challenge to organizations that address food insecurity: meeting the surging need for food while minimizing COVID-19 transmission. This study aimed to identify how food insecurity program operations changed during the pandemic and to examine the facilitators/successes and barriers/challenges to operations. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff at 13 organizations involved in addressing food insecurity in Detroit during the pandemic. Interviews were coded by two coders, summarized, and then used to create matrices and concept map displays for each organization. We found that nearly all programs changed to a contactless food distribution format, and most programs experienced an increase in demand for food. Common successes/facilitators included keeping clients and staff safe from COVID-19 and waivers that eased program rules. Common challenges/barriers included the increased need for labor and food. Lack of funding was a barrier for some organizations, and others that experienced an increase in funding reported that it facilitated their work. This research identified the needs of programs addressing food insecurity during the COVID-19 pandemic, which can inform future disaster planning.

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Concepts Keywords
Covid COVID-19
Detroit emergency food
Food food assistance


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19
disease MESH unemployment
drug DRUGBANK Etoperidone
disease VO organization
disease VO LACK
disease VO USA
disease MESH emergency
disease MESH diabetes mellitus
disease MESH hypertension
disease MESH panic
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease VO USDA
drug DRUGBANK Ranitidine
drug DRUGBANK Indoleacetic acid
disease IDO process
disease VO effective
disease VO protocol
drug DRUGBANK Methionine
disease VO volume
disease IDO facility
disease VO storage
disease IDO site
disease VO Gap
disease VO Imovax ID
drug DRUGBANK Water
disease MESH infection
disease VO vaccinated
disease VO company
drug DRUGBANK Medical air
disease VO time
drug DRUGBANK Spinosad
disease VO Thing
disease VO efficient
disease IDO production
disease VO NAP
disease MESH multiple chronic conditions
disease MESH Obesity
disease VO population
disease VO report
drug DRUGBANK Guanosine

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