Influence of Clinical and Sociodemographic Variables on Health-Related Quality of Life in the Adult Population with Long COVID.

Publication date: Jun 22, 2023

Worldwide, about 10 percent of patients affected by long COVID require appropriate follow-up and intervention. The main objective of this study was to analyze the long-term impact of mild long COVID in the adult population, and to determine the effect of clinical and sociodemographic variables on health-related quality of life in those affected. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of a sample of Spanish adult patients with persistent COVID-19 symptoms at least three months after diagnosis. Data collection took place between April and July 2021. The health-related quality of life of the sample was low, with worse results in the physical component summary (PCS) 24. 66 (SD = 4. 45) compared to the mental component summary (MCS) 45. 95 (SD = 8. 65). The multi-regression analysis showed significant differences by sex in the dimensions of physical functioning (p = 0. 040); bodily pain (p = 0. 036); and health transition (p = 0. 018). Additionally, a longer time since infection had a significant effect on physical functioning (p = 0. 039); general health (p = 0. 037); vitality (p = 0. 034); and general health transition (p = 0. 002). The effect of occupational imbalance was significant for all dimensions. Conclusions: people with long COVID have a reduced quality of life. Sex, time since infection, and occupational imbalance are predictors of a worse quality of life.

Open Access PDF

Concepts Keywords
April long COVID
Covid long haulers
Health persistent symptoms
July quality of life


Type Source Name
disease IDO quality
disease VO population
disease MESH Long COVID
disease IDO intervention
disease MESH COVID-19
disease VO time
disease MESH infection
disease MESH complications
disease IDO acute infection
disease IDO symptom
disease MESH inflammation
disease MESH autoimmunity
drug DRUGBANK Coenzyme M
disease MESH comorbidity
drug DRUGBANK Isoxaflutole
disease VO vaccination
drug DRUGBANK Methionine
disease VO USA
disease VO vaccinated
disease VO protocol

Original Article

(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *