Qualitative study of states’ capacity to support alcohol prevention policies during the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA.

Publication date: Jul 15, 2023

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated rates of alcohol purchasing and related harms in the USA. The increases followed governors’ emergency orders that increased alcohol availability, including the allowance of alcohol home delivery, alcohol to-go from restaurants and bars, and curbside pickup from retailers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 53 participants involved in state-level alcohol prevention policy across 48 states. Interviewees’ perspectives on changes to alcohol prevention policies during the COVID-19 pandemic, including capacity to respond to alcohol-focused executive and legislative changes to alcohol availability, were explored. Initial codes were developed collectively and refined through successive readings of transcripts using a phenomenological, action-oriented research approach. Themes were identified semantically after all transcripts were coded and reviewed. Four themes were developed including: (i) alcohol prevention policies and capacity during COVID-19; (ii) industry-related challenges during COVID-19; (iii) limited pre-COVID-19 alcohol prevention capacity; and (iv) needs to strengthen alcohol prevention capacity. The pandemic exacerbated states’ capacity limitations for alcohol prevention efforts and created additional impediments to public health messaging about alcohol health risks related to greater alcohol availability. Participants offered a myriad of strategies to improve alcohol prevention and to reduce alcohol-related harms. Recommendations included dedicated federal and state prioritisation, more funding for community organisations, greater coordination, consistent high-quality trainings, stronger surveillance and widespread prevention messaging. States’ alcohol prevention efforts require dedicated leadership, additional funding and support to strengthen population-based strategies to reduce sustained alcohol-related harms associated with increases in alcohol availability.

Concepts Keywords
Alcohol alcohol
Pandemic COVID-19
Restaurants policy
Trainings prevention
Usa qualitative research


Type Source Name
drug DRUGBANK Ethanol
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease VO USA
disease MESH emergency
disease IDO quality
disease VO population

Original Article

(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *