The impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns on air quality index: a systematic review.

Publication date: Jul 16, 2023

During the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), many countries implemented lockdown policies to control its transmission. These restrictions provided an opportunity to rest and recover the environment. This systematic review (SR) aimed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 lockdowns on the Air Quality Index (AQI) in countries worldwide. ScienceDirect and PubMed were searched using relevant keywords to identify studies published until March 2020. Overall, 20 studies were included in the SR based on the eligibility criteria. The results show that COVID-19-related lockdown policies positively affect AQI by restricting air-polluting activities, such as transportation, industry, and construction. However, it is important to note that these policies are ineffective in controlling sources of natural air pollution and local dust. The findings of this study emphasize the need for policymakers to approve legislation limiting the sources of air pollutants.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus air quality index
Covid COVID-19
Ineffective lockdown
Policymakers SARS-CoV-2


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
drug DRUGBANK Medical air
disease IDO quality
disease VO ineffective

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