Changes in deep brain stimulation surgeries between 2019 and 2020: A national inpatient sample analysis.

Publication date: Oct 01, 2023

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery is a neurosurgical procedure that implants electrodes into the brain to treat a variety of neurological and psychiatric conditions. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in significant disruptions in elective surgeries, but the impact on DBS surgeries remains largely unknown. The National Inpatient Sample (NIS), an all-payors database of inpatient hospitalizations in the US, was queried for DBS implantation procedural codes in 2019 and 2020. There were a total of 7,625 hospitalizations (95% CI: 6,664 to 8,586) for the implantation of a DBS lead in the 2019 NIS, which reduced by 11. 9% to 6,715 hospitalizations (95% CI: 5,872 to 7,558) in the 2020 NIS. Procedural numbers declined in March 2020, with a peak 92. 7% decline in volume in April of 2020 relative to 2019. Case numbers for July through December 2020 were 96. 1% of the 2019 volume. Overall patient demographics and primary discharge diagnoses for hospitalizations involving DBS implantation were similar in the two study years. Surgical volume for DBS implantation reduced by 92. 7% in April of 2020 relative to 2019, which is among the highest declines reported for any surgical procedure. While procedural volume increased in the second half of 2020, this did not make up for the reduction in procedures earlier in the year, highlighting the disruption in DBS surgeries in 2020.

Concepts Keywords
July Cohort studies
Pandemic COVID-19
Surgery DBS
Deep brain stimulation


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic
disease VO volume

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