Outpatient minimally invasive spine surgeries during the COVID-19 pandemic – A retrospective analysis of 164 consecutive cases.

Publication date: Oct 01, 2023

To share our surgical experiences of minimally invasive cervical and lumbar procedures for patients who suffered from non-fatal motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) in the ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), minimally invasive laminotomy and discectomy (MILD), percutaneous endoscopic laser-assisted discectomy (PELD) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PK) were performed on carefully selected patients. From January 2020 to December 2021, our group performed 164 cases on 153 patients involving 249 intervertebral disc (IVD) levels. Of these, 116 cases (70. 73%) on 114 patients (74. 51%) were cervical, 48 cases (29. 27%) were lumbar (including 8 PK cases). Eight patients had both cervical and lumbar procedures in a single anesthetic session (SAS) and were discharged on the same day. One hundred and six ACDF cases (92. 17%) were at the C4-C5 and C5-C6 levels, which comprised of 146 (76. 04%) IVDs. Of the 40 non-PK lumbar cases, 38 (95. 0%) were at L4 to S1 lumbar levels. Six of these cases (15. 0%) involved 2 lumbar levels. In contrast, 6 out of 8 kyphoplasties (75. 0%) involved lower thoracic/higher lumbar vertebral columns (T11 to L2) and 2 were at the lower lumbar L4 level. We successfully and safely performed various cervical and lumbar spine surgeries in the ASCs amid COVID-19 pandemic and all patients achieved the same-day discharge (SDD). In the non-fatal MVAs, mid-lower cervical (C4 to C6) and lower lumbar (L4 to S1) IVDs were the most affected levels.

Concepts Keywords
Coronavirus Ambulatory surgery center
December COVID-19
Mild Minimally-invasive
Surgery Motor vehicle accident
Same day discharge
Single anesthetic session
Spine surgery


Type Source Name
disease MESH COVID-19 pandemic

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