Publication date: Aug 01, 2023
The aim of the present study was to determine the health-related quality of life of stroke patients and their caregivers during the fifth wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 70 patients who had been diagnosed with stroke between October 2021 and March 2022 and 70 caregivers were included in the present study. A prospective follow-up study assessing the quality of life at baseline was conducted after 3 months for both patients and their caregivers. A linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate potential associations between quality of life and assessed factors. The results revealed that age, sex, employment status, hospitalization period, type of stroke, Barthel index for activities of daily living (ADL) and discharge Modified Rankin Scale (mRS), were significant determinants of the 90-day Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). An important clinical change in the QoL score was estimated for both post-stroke patients and their caregivers. The decrease of the HRQoL of patients was statistically influenced by a higher value of ADL (P=0. 014), whereas, in the case of their caregivers, the decrease of HRQoL was primarily influenced by the QoL of patients after 3 months (P=0. 043). The present study identified some important key factors with direct consequences on HRQoL regarding stroke survivors and their caregivers.