Publication date: Jul 01, 2023
Macrophages are essential mediators of innate immunity. Non-self-cells resist phagocytosis through the expression of the checkpoint molecule CD47. CD47, as the integrin-associated protein, is overexpressed on tumor and SARS-CoV-2-infected cells as a potential surface biomarker for immune surveillance evasion. CD47-signal-regulating protein alpha (SIRPα) interaction is a promising innate immunotarget. Previous findings based on monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) or fusion proteins that block CD47 or SIRPα have been developed in cancer research. While CD47 efficacy in infectious diseases, especially severe COVID-19 studies, is lacking, focus on macrophage-mediated immunotherapy that increases “eat me” signals in combination therapy with mAbs is optimistic. This integrin-related protein can be as a potential target to therapy for COVID-19. Here, we concentrate on the role of the CD47 signaling pathway as a novel therapeutic strategy for COVID-19-associated cancer treatment.