Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social interaction, communication, behavior, and sensory processing. It is typically diagnosed in early childhood, although the signs and symptoms can be observed in infancy.

Autism is characterized by a wide range of symptoms and varying levels of impairment, which is why it is referred to as a spectrum disorder. Some individuals with autism may have mild symptoms and relatively high functioning, while others may experience more significant challenges that require substantial support.

Early intervention and appropriate support are crucial for individuals with autism. Treatment plans are typically tailored to address the specific needs of each individual and may include behavioral interventions, speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, social skills training, and educational support. The goal is to enhance communication and social skills, manage challenging behaviors, and promote independence and quality of life.

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